By Simon Bornschier

This paper considers the growth of right-wing populist parties as one of the elements in a broader transformation of European party systems, which results from the emergence of issues related to identity and as a counter-reaction to the libertarian left. Although globalization is not at the source of these parties’ development, it is the catalyst for the cultural and economic forces these parties mobilize. We may therefore expect the orientations of the programs of right-wing populist parties to converge. The empirical section of this paper examines this proposition through a comparative analysis of the political arena in Austria, France, the Netherlands, and Switzerland.



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